The five fingers represent five elements:
• Thumb – Fire.
• Index – Air.
• Middle – Ether or the spaces between cells within the body.
• Ring - Earth.
• Pinky – Water.
By balancing these five elements, the mind, body, and soul are united with the divine. From a yoga scientific perspective, electromagnetic currents in the body are brought into balance by joining fingers in a variety of ways. Accordingly, a mudra is believed to affect the flow of energy or prana through the body.
Holding the following mudras for several minutes; ideally for 15 minutes or longer, you can stimulate bodily systems to alleviate certain symptoms and restore health.
Here are a selection of mudras to practice, each performed for a specific purpose:
Benefits: Aids in decreasing occurrences of constipation and urinary tract infections while cleansing orifices of waste.
How to do the mudra: Press the tip of the middle and ring finger against the tip of the thumb. Keep the other fingers extended.
Benefits: Treats mental disorders, restores memory acuity, intellectual development, and well-being.
How to do the mudra: Press the tips of the thumb and index finger together, keeping the other 3 fingers extended.
Benefits: Creates heat and alleviates cough and cold symptoms.
How to do the mudra: Interlace fingers of both hands. The left thumb stays straight and is encircled by the right thumb and index finger.
Benefits: Moves energy through the body to allay all forms of disease and strengthens vision.
How to do the mudra: Press the tip of the ring and little finger against the top of the thumb. Keep the other
two fingers extended.
Benefits: Creates happiness and a strong body.
How to do the mudra: Touch the tip of the ring finger to the tip of the thumb.
Benefit: Alleviates earaches.
How to do the mudra: With the middle finger placed at the base of the thumb, rest the thumb on the middle finger while keeping the other three fingers extended.
Benefits: Reduces weight.
How to do the mudra: Place the tip of the ring finger on the base of the thumb. Allow the thumb to gently
press back of the front of the ring finger.
Benefits: Refreshes the body and improves blood quality.
How to do the mudra: Press the tip of the thumb against the tip of the little finger.
Benefits: Helps with arthritis and trembling caused by Parkinson’s disease.
How to do the mudra: Place the index finger on the base of the thumb. Keep the other fingers extended.
There are also mudras, which are partiuclar to Buddhist iconography that are used to convey an inner expression or state of mind.
Gesture meaning: Granting protection.
How to do it: The palm of the right hand is turned out from the body and held at shoulder height.
Gesture meaning: Touching the earth.
How to do it: The right hand hangs over the right knee with the palm turned in to the body and fingers pointing to the ground. The palm of the left hand is turned up and rests in the lap.
Gesture meaning: Turning the wheel of teaching.
How to do it: The left hand is turned toward the body and the right hand away from the body. The thumb and index fingers are pressed together with each hand.
Gesture meaning: Meditation.
How to do it: The right hand rests in the palm of the left hand with the tips of the thumbs touching each other. Hands are placed on the lap in this gesture.
Gesture meaning: Supreme enlightenment.
How to do it: The fingers of both hands are interlaced with the thumb and index finger extended up and pressed together. The hands are placed in front of the chest.
Gesture meaning: Granting wishes.
How to do it: The right hand is turned towards the floor with the palm facing away from the body.
Gesture meaning: Confidence.
How to do it: The left index finger is wrapped inside the fist of the right hand.
Gesture meaning: Teaching.
How to do it: Place the index finger on the thumb. Both hands will use this gesture. Keep the right hand turned outward at shoulder height. Keep the left hand turned outward and level with the hip.
Now pick a mood and strike a mudra. :)
For more information about mudras, checkout - Mudra: Gestures of Power